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Acronym References

OR
What is OR ?
Operation Research
The name of one of the courses of mathematics in Master well, and to the meaning of Operations Research known.
this field of study, the most applied field of the fields of Applied Mathematics and is almost everyday life issues with it for the mathematical model are then methods of the proposed solution.
mathematical problems of Transportation, backpack, or issue, a famous Salesman Of familiar name in this field.
this field of study is closely associated with the engineering industry, and the majority of those in the dray field have been educated to higher levels engineering industries to select.
This course now, almost all universities in Iran, there are....
AOA
What is AOA ?
Angle Of Attack
AOA, the angle between the wind and along the line Chord Line ( in the plane )...
DILE
What is DILE ?
Directory International Lawyers Esteshar
Directory international lawyer ...
SVM
What is SVM ?
Support Vector Machines
In machine learning, support-vector machines (SVMs, also support-vector networks) are supervised learning models with associated learning algorithms that analyze data used for classification and regression analysis. Given a set of training examples, each marked as belonging to one or the other of two categories, an SVM training algorithm builds a model that assigns new examples to one category or the other, making it a non-probabilistic binary linear classifier (although methods such as Platt scaling exist to use SVM in a probabilistic classification setting). An SVM model is a representation of the examples as points in space, mapped so that the examples of the separate categories are divided by a clear gap that is as wide as possible. New examples are then mapped into that same space and predicted to belong to a category based on which side of the gap they fall.

In addition to performing linear classification, SVMs can efficiently perform a non-linear classification using what is called the kernel trick, implicitly mapping their inputs into high-dimensional feature spaces.

When data is unlabelled, supervised learning is not possible, and an unsupervised learning approach is required, which attempts to find natural clustering of the data to groups, and then map new data to these formed groups. The support-vector clustering algorithm, created by Hava Siegelmann and Vladimir Vapnik, applies the statistics of support vectors, developed in the support vector machines algorithm, to categorize unlabeled data, and is one of the most widely used clustering algorithms in industrial applications....
LIGA
What is LIGA ?
Lithographie، Gablvanoformung، Abformung
Liga (LIGA stands for the German words indicative of different stages of the building process, i.e. Lithographie, etc. Gablvanoformung, etc. Abformung (lithography, water, Curry and theming). Liga a method for the production of fragments with the structure of the . The smallest dimension of the structure produced by this method can be up to 0/2 micrometers in length and a height of up to 3 mm and aspect ratios up to 50. With this method, can be fragments of plastic, metal or ceramic construction. LIGA technology, in micro, especially micro-optics, and mostly in the event that the aspect ratio of high need. used.
This method in the early 80's, was at the center of nuclear research of the former Karlsruhe in a team to manage, Wolfgang and Erwin Willy Becker, for the production of fragments with the application in a method of enriching uranium was created.
the most important stages of construction with the method of Liga include:

the design and construction of the mask, the primary, an absorbent layer of gold to a height of approximately 2 μm, with the help of layout and plated with gold.
transcription mask, the primary mask, the absorbent layer of gold with a height of about 25 micrometers, with the help of layout journalism deep beam and plated with gold.
transcription mask, on a layer of 100 to 3000 plastic design method of journalism, deep beam and dissolve the parts of the light seen in the chemical solution.
plating such as gold, nickel or copper in the inside of the plastic mold to create the structure of the micro-or an embossed seal of the desired structure.
the mass production of the structure of the micro with the transfer of the structures on the stamp on the plastic or other material at high temperature....
TQ
What is TQ ?
Technical Query
Technical question, this term, in projects that the foreign supplier are used...
NCR
What is NCR ?
Non Conformity Report
Report of non-compliance, the so-called projects that the foreign supplier are used....
LTD
What is LTD ?
Limited
ltd. The abbreviation Co., Ltd, which is after the name of the commercial company be listed, such as:
The Locomotive Construction Company Ltd
The Meaning of \"construction company Locomotive with limited liability\"

multi-attribute Co., Ltd in Iran:
Co., Ltd in Iran, only with at least two reliable partner registration.
each of the partners on the basis of a share in that company. of the franchise, entitled. Of course, can be found in the statute right to vote changed.
unlike other types of companies. the minimum and maximum amount for the capital of the company with limited liability does not exist....