Today, Wednesday، 20 Oct 2021 - 09:14

Acronym References

What is LIBS ?
Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
In the method of spectroscopy ( exponential) induced breakdown induction laser (LIBS) , a focused, pulsed laser on the material sample, passive, etc. a small volume of it to form a plasma radiant very hot, which is unstable., the stump. Plasma is a ionized gas with high temperature involves atoms of. ions and electrons. Operating create the plasma, collision, successive electrons with molecules and atoms of the sample and arousal them. The number of these collisions is so high that the plasma temperature raises. In fact, plasma can be a flame, electric knew that in comparison to the flame, chemical stability, etc. the accuracy and sensitivity higher. The different elements in the plasma after a cold, spectrum, atomic, etc., Ionic, and molecular special to your emitting. Since the plasma created has a life span very short. therefore, using the technique of separation of time in order to choose the atomic, etc. is very important. Light by means of a spectrometer to the components during the wave has been decomposed by the detector to be recorded. With the processing of wavelength, recorded, etc. can be used to provide information about the amount and type of elements contained in the sample.

but the history of spectroscopy induced breakdown laser (LIBS) goes back to a little later, the introduction of the laser in the 60s. Laser the main base of the technique, LIBS. after the construction of the first laser, Ruby, in 1960 a lot of research in the field of laser. In 1963, the Q-Switched in lasers was invented. This type of lasers the ability to produce pulses with high energy and during the short pulse were having and ability to use techniques, LIBS will find. In 1963, the first reports about the creation of the plasma, the laser in gases was given. Continued in 1966, analytics, testing equipment, hot metals by the technique of LIBS was and can be this era's time of birth, the technique of LIBS in the realm of science, he said. In the commonly know a lot of research on this technique took place, and nowadays this technique, a technique well-known in the field of spectroscopy.

because this method can be used in environments different on each of the three phases of matter (solid; liquid and gas) To work. in recent years, the application of this method in the fields of industrial, medical, military and... the growth and development of many find and use it several examples, such as alloys, metal samples dependent on the land and geology. archaeological, environmental, etc. polymeric materials, and biologically analyzed and investigated. Tools and LIBS as compared to the other methods, the easier and cheaper it is to such that can be set from this tool for a means of portable, powerful and usable in any environment, making. Advantage such as no need for sample preparation, which, besides preventing it from getting contaminated samples, the use of this procedure for each sample, with dimensions and different features makes possible. Analysis of the way away, be fast and analysis of material to be immediate and in place and... has caused that the use of this method to analyze the qualitative and quantitative elemental materials is considered. Also, this method could be elements of the minimum and the original simultaneously, and allergic Top-Up Limit ppm detection.

plasma is a collection of particles include atoms, ions, and electrons, which is considered to be electrically neutral and has Behavioral the mass of your show. Plasma, LIBS, interaction, and absorption of the energy of the laser pulse by the sample is achieved. by the parameters of diversity are identified, that the most basic, it's the degree of ionization. Plasma in which the ratio of electrons to other species contained in the plasma. less than is plasma poor, and called on the other hand plasma, which atoms of it, a large number of electron lost and the ratio of electrons to atoms and ions too much. plasma degree of ionization of said to be high. Plasma created in, LIBS, generally, in the first category fall. Interaction between laser and matter, has long to the size of your laser. It is a process that in the method of LIBS product it plasma. the complicated process is that the variables a lot, including parameters related to the laser and the type of material depends on and the discussion of it here does not fit. In plasma, atoms and neutral that in the excited state. of particular importance are. Continues the processes related to the formation of the plasma, the expression of the will....
What is PBS ?
Phosphate Buffered Saline
Soluble salt of phosphate with a buffer (PBS), a buffer solution is usually in the bio research is used. PBS a soluble salt with a blue base that consists of sodium chloride, sodium phosphate, and in some formulas, potassium chloride and potassium phosphate. Buffers (phosphate groups, help to stay steady pH. Burden was ـ and concentration of ionic solution of PBS, approximately of all terms should be conditions on the human body the same (same size and with the liquid biological body)

PBS due to both the concentration and the type of being with the material, biological body and is also non-toxic being those cells for many applications. From use cases it can be used to its application to dilute the material and wash the dishes, the culture medium noted. Of PBS plus EDTA also to separate the connection and the mass of cells used. Metal double capacity like the on the can not to the solution are connected, but cause the sinking, it will be the same because of the use of the appropriate buffer recommended.

The easiest way for the preparation of a solution of PBS tablets PBS buffer. The formula of these tablets is such that one solution, ready for use during the dissolution of tablets in a certain amount of distilled water produced. This tablet for the size of the standard 100, the 200, the 500, the 1000 ml available.

if in ـ ـ about ـ the concreting. can be dissolved into two ـ ـ ـ and by autoclave (20 xHamster 121 degrees Celsius, etc. cycle, liquid) antiseptic. According to the type of use that from PBS. sterilization can be essential.

PBS can be stored at room temperature , but keep in a cold place preventing the growth of bacteria ensures even if disinfectants not for long be maintained. However, concentrated solution of the initial (solution question) might, when cool. Lees be for this reason, PBS must be used before and as long as settling of completely to unfold in the room temperature maintenance....
What is REM ?
Rapid Eye Movement
Sleep along with rapid eye movements (Rapid eye movement sleep: REM/REMS) one of the stages of sleep in mammals, in which the body is in deep sleep mode to take over, but the reaction of the brain in the Waking State.

during sleep AR Yi, the movements are very fast, with periods of 10 to 20 seconds, ... heart beats a little faster. and the metabolic rate of the brain to the extent of waking time arrives. In addition, during sleep AR Yi the Adam is almost completely paralyzed and can only be the heart, the diaphragm, etc. muscles. and muscles smooth (like muscles, intestines and blood vessels) is enabled like. In contrast, during sleep, non-AR Yi the eye movements to overall stops, breathing and heart rate to dramatically reduced, the muscles are lies. and the metabolic rate of the brain compared with the period of wakefulness between 25% to 30% reduced. He, that is the main characteristic of sleep, non-AR Yee all there brain in physical very evil. and major features of sleep AR Yi all there brain fully awake in the physical and more or less paralysis....
What is MSM ?
Men who have Sex with Men
Men who have with men, live, or MSN (to MSM) to men who say that your sex. Gender identity a large number of men, as homosexuality Manly. homosexuality or bisexual nudist not be marked (or for some reason can not be specified). This term in 1990 to the direction of the study, all on men who (regardless of sexual orientation, their) with Your have sex arose....
What is GTS ?
Some kind of fetish (sexual orientation), with the scientific name is for folk to it, the GTS (stands for Giantess or big) is said to be; the fans of this, like that, with people much larger than themselves, or individuals, small to small 10 CM face to face. And now, this is what they want them to happen, happen or what they want for a small do different. also, like all other sexual orientation, etc. here, too, straight up. gay and two gay, gay there.
you already have examples of this, in the movie, childhood like .... and film today, like the monsters against aliens (Monsters vs Aliens) or Honey, I Shrunk The Kids you've seen; can also likely there are other, you can go to YouTube to access. The most famous film made with the content of Attack of the 50 Foot Woman....
What is APOLLO ?
Americas Program for Orbital and Lunar Landing Operations
Project space the Apollo (Apollo Program), one of the space projects of NASA at the time of the space race between the Soviet Union and the USA was trying to conquer the first human on the surface of the moon landing bring. The project in the period of the presidency, Dwight Eisenhower began to work. the Apollo after the next presidential John F. Kennedy with the seriousness of the continued. John F. Kennedy supported his plan of landing a man on the moon during a special lecture addressed to Congress in May 1961 thus stated:...I believe my country should be to achieve the goal of landing humans on the moon and to the health of the back to the ground before the exit of this decade, committed.In this period, no space program, another not be used for human of exploration paths with long-range in space. and done none could not so much hard and expensive.

The goal Kennedy during the duration of assignment 11 on July 2, 1969, landed astronauts like Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin on the moon while Michael Collins on the orbit of the moon. was fulfilled.5 the project subsequent to Apollo, as well as for landing astronauts on the moon, which was its last in December 1972 was carried out. In this 6 flight space Apollo 12 people on the moon walk, and more. It's the first people were that managed to land on a mass of other celestial.

Project Apollo from 1961 until 1975 was implemented, and the third schedule of the flight space human after Mercury and Project Gemini by the agency, Space, International, USA, NASA. Of Apollo spacecraft Apollo and the rigs throw Saturn used was, that later in the program, Skylab, and a pilot program in common between the American and Russian Apollo-Soyuz Test Project were used, so the next project, often as part of the total project Apollo considered was put.

project with only 2 major obstacle end. first, it's a fire on the launch pad of Apollo 1 was to lead to the death of all three astronaut Gus , etc., Ed White, etc., and Roger Chaffee. second, it related to the explosion in Apollo 13 when they reach the moon, which was the spacecraft for serious about Mar. That thanks to the efforts of the controller, flight, engineers, project, Bradford, backup, and skills of their own. 3 the astronaut was John's own rescue.

The Apollo is a landmark in the fly space, the human village, and the only project of sending humans beyond the orbit of the Earth up to that time remained in ... Apollo 8, the first spacecraft, aboard which was in the orbit of celestial bodies, the other ... while Apollo 17 as the last and last mission aboard the outside of the orbit of the Earth is known.The project above makes the proceeds of advances in the abundance of the fields of technology, environmental been of fan of the rocket launch and human flight in space, which includes the device, auto, aircraft, telecommunication, and computers.. Apollo also makes getting excited a lot of interest in the field, abundant engineering, was and progress, abundance as signs of the program border. Many objects and artifacts of the project are on display in various places around the world are notable it's the air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian....
What is TJS ?
Somoni (Сомонӣ) name money country, Tajikistan, which is from October 30, 2000 official currency of that country and declare the successor to the ruble . The government of Tajikistan to commemorate the House of Iran, name of the currency your "Somoni" record. Per thousand rubles equal to one Somoni were placed. On the bills Somoni face some of the celebrities common in Iran and Tajikistan, the role is closed. For the sample on banknotes of 100 Somoni, face, Ismail Somoni, and on other bills, the face of rudaki, etc. (Ibn Sina), and Mir Seyyed Ali Hamadani seen. Bills, other, broadcasting, celebrities, contemporary like Sadriddin person. ghafurov, Mirza Zadeh and others, is adorned. The code of the international money TJS....
What is PSF ?
Point Spread Function
Function point Wide Web, a concept that in physics, medicine, and science of video application have a great and PSF can be shown.

each system, a reaction and reply in front of a function blow true (i.e. the source point) and with the combination (convolution) with it, an output or resulting image) that determines the characteristics of the system. In other words, the system responds to the function point wide (PSF) the result of the impact of a system on a function, tap or source, the point is that a signal or image fading (no sharpness or edge) in the day the place or time to happen....