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Acronym References

ROP
What is ROP ?
Retinopathy Of Prematurity
Retinopathy (problems the retina) in premature infants (Retinopathy of Prematurity - ROP), or Retrolental Fibroplasia), can lead to blindness. This disease in the past, arising from the use of large quantities of oxygen in machine should be that of premature infants in the were kept, but nowadays, the incidence of the disease less. The factors that the baby is at risk for retinopathy are low birth weight and premature delivery (weeks 26 to 28) are. Nowadays, in most developed countries. ROP severe. in children with birth weight more than 1000 grams of shot but in weights less, still can be observed.

In Children, premature birth, growth and evolution of the blood vessels of the retina are still not perfect. Probably the process of ROP is that the birth of the baby early with the process of normal retina, interference does. The growth of the retina in the period after the birth in the environment of unstable and high oxygen takes place and the impact of stimulation induced hypoxia on the development of the vascular network of the retina is reduced. The result of it, the delay in vascular disease of the retina that eventually leads to angiogenesis, pathological (vessels, non-natural) and can be. The problem blood vessels abnormal this is enough oxygen to the retina, not the latter.

retinopathy in premature infants, depending on the severity of the disease to a 5 degree split. The progression of the disease to varying degrees, the end (Dragged Macula), can lead to scarring in the retina and complications such as detached shrinkage, retina, etc. haemorrhage vitreous, etc. deviation of the eyes and the laziness of the eyes. A lot of babies with retinopathy suffer from myopia, will.

because baby can not do your symptoms tell parents and physicians should understand risk factors that the likelihood of catching the disease much they are. These factors include:
low birth weight (1٫5 kg or less)
the need for oxygen in the first week after birth
support respiratory long
this risk is also possible with interventions aimed at the delivery of oxygen to tissues increases, such as blood transfusions or treatment with erythropoietin more. Conversely, the cases, the factors that effects have antioxidant such as bilirubin concentration and vitamins E, in some studies, with decreased risk of ROP along have been.

babies that the risk of ROP should have a Week 4 to 6 after birth, the eye examination medical become. Eye doctor use drops, vasodilator, etc. the pupil to open, and then the retina sees. Examinations periodically to determine whether disease progression has stopped or not, and whether the treatment there is a need or not necessary.

some of the children who treatment of ill health in the limit of Grade 1 or 2 is no treatment recover. In other cases, in case the patient symptoms of the disease Grade 3 or higher and show the treatment is necessary. To prevent the release of the vessels, abnormal may be areas of the retina with a method called cryotherapy treat. In this method, parts of the retina gets frozen. The laser may thus be used. In both methods, permanent scars in the peripheral retina remain, but in most cases, this method of therapy in maintaining vision center patient . In case of retinal detachment surgery is required....
HELLP
What is HELLP ?
Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, and a Low Platelet
Syndrome help (HELLP syndrome) among the set of problems deadly in medicine, childbirth is, and usually it is one of the complications of pre-eclampsia called. This syndrome and Syndrome at the end of the pregnancy, and also a little ahead of childbirth comes up.

symptoms may include feeling fatigue, fluid retention, headaches, nausea, pain in the regions of the top and the right side of the abdomen, etc. blurred vision, bleeding nose, and seizures and is sick from high blood pressure, anemia suffering with them.

symptoms such as; can increase coagulation, wide the inside of the vascular (DIC), the problems and the rupture of the pair, and kidney failure for the patients is likely.

early detection and accurate as based on laboratory and imaging is for the treatment and management of disease is essential, and the mortality rate will greatly reduce.

the diagnosis of this syndrome is challenging, especially due to that can be the symptoms of several incidence in ... and health care professionals agree, as well as similarities to a few other eating disorder, and even similarities to the symptoms of pregnancy, normal) may result in detection of late or confused.

a general agreement on three criteria, the major diagnostic of HELLP syndrome, which includes impaired liver function, etc., thrombocytopenia, and hemolytic anemia in patients with suspected pre-eclampsia....
PUPPP
What is PUPPP ?
Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy
Papules and plaques itchy pregnancy (PUPPP) is mainly used in the pregnancy first and in the third quarter can be seen and the garlic itself limited.

introducing the patient: a woman 24-year-old belly, the first few hours after termination of pregnancy with rash, severely itchy that scratch on the belly, creating and then to the limbs was spread, following. The lesions mature, a biopsy was prepared. In pathology, no evidence of infiltrates, superficial lymphocytic with slight neutrophil and eosinophil matches with a view PUPPP was seen. Test, immunofluorescence, direct and indirect, was negative. According to the view of the clinical and normal results with a diagnosis of PUPPP for patient treatment with Clobetasol topical start was that the lesions after a week, completely disappeared.

conclusion: PUPPP may non-classic, update, track, and pay attention to the view of the clinical and pathologic side by side to detect the necessary to appear....
ECT
What is ECT ?
ElectroConvulsive Therapy
Treatment of hit with electrical seizures, the (ECT) or ECT or shock therapy electric treatment of mental disorders with use of cross flow of electricity from the brain.

treatment with electric shock or "shock treatment" is called. In this manner, the treatment device shock therapy (ECT machine) can be used, and these devices can be electrical type direct DC to produce and depending on the type of machine, need and application ... a current between 200 MA (0/2 amps) up to 1600 mAh (1/6 amp), A voltage of 70 volts up to 450 volts, and for a period of 1 to 6 seconds, that is used through the two electrode sites on the scalp to be installed, the flow passes. This electrical current is usually less than a second can be connected, causing a volley wide in the cells of the nervous the brain and be a mode similar to attack epileptic are created. After a few minutes, and the return of consciousness, the patient in proportion to the events that immediately before the shock, have happened, etc. does, and usually an hour later or more, Mode confusion is. Continue treatment for three to five times a week, the patient will suffer from disorientation works. State, which usually after the therapy is discontinued, gradually will improve.

the seizure spurred a lot of changes in the central nervous system and peripheral used. Seizures, or autonomic nervous activates. Despite the passage of half a century of benefiting from ECT, etc., yet complete information on the cause of improving the patients to mediate this type of treatment in the rest.

in the 1940's and 1950's, ECT for the treatment of all mental disorders, including schizophrenia, and was, but nowadays, based on research participation. shock therapy is mainly used for depressed patients, which is attributed to antidepressants do not respond to the suicide of government. is used....
LAD
What is LAD ?
Lymphadenopathy
Lymphadenopathy (Lymphadenopathy), in other words, is that to diseases of the lymph nodes are not noted.

lymphadenopathy, or swollen lymph nodes is one of the most common symptoms of some diseases is. In this condition, a gland unit, or a number of glands or all the glands, may be affected by the fall.Glands, lymphatic, generally in response to infection viral or bacterial to swell. In the event that the glands of the neck, etc., armpit, or groin swollen, are a person more likely to notice this swelling because the glands E the surface of the skin can be. Swelling of one or more of the gland, often due to bacterial infection is localized . For example, swelling of the glands, lymphatic, neck, often, and mainly due to throat infections caused. In most cases, the lymphadenopathy caused by infection, with the disappearance of the infection, the swelling will also subside. Swelling of the glands, lymphatic, which caused the infection is usually painful. Inflation a large number or all of the glands, the lymphatic may be the result of some types of cancer like breast cancer, or leukemia is. Infection with HIV, or bacteria, tuberculosis can also cause lymphadenopathy, permanent make. If you see the symptoms of lymphadenopathy should consult a physician as....
MMT
What is MMT ?
Methadone Maintenance Treatment
Substance abuse treatment has always been a number of challenges have been associated. Maintenance treatment with methadone of the most important achievements of the scientists in the field of treatment.
This method first time in 1964 at the Rockefeller University was used. In 2002, almost 215 of 600 patient in the United States under the treatment groups. In 2004, 47 countries, the app will start, and the 500, is 000 patients around the world participated in it.

methadone a drug to synthetic, is that in Germany, exactly before the Second World War, was produced. In 1941 in Germany, was introduced, but German doctors due to lack of awareness about the safe dose of medication from its use were not. After the war, methadone was in the USA was studied and it was found that this drug has effects similar to morphine, but with the length of the effect longer there. This review of elementary to the use of methadone for analgesia and decrease the symptoms of withdrawal syndrome of heroin resulted. Methadone, as the drug retainer. effects is a special. If you use the right dose, single dose that the patient for 24 to 36 hours without creating (), the quiet part (), or analgesia, stable, keeps the ... so, the patient can functions your normal no abnormality in physical activities, or mental have. Patients, pain perception and emotional reactions normal will be. More important than all this is that methadone penchant permanent to opioids and the hunger for it, that the major factors of recurrence are. destroys.
and creek have reported that chronic use of short effects, have a major impact on response to stress is. The consumer in a cycle of illicit drug use, experiencing an increase in responses and in the cycle of lack of intake decrease in response rate is not seen during the consumption of preservatives with methadone to the base surface and normal response to stress returns. Cycles of short duration on the performance of the system, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal affects, and the consumption of preservatives methadone it normal does.
studies of visual brain, also show that the disorders brain caused by the consumption of can for long remain, and the brain consumers of methadone to the brain, the control of the brain, leaving food suppliers similar is more.
bearing the cross, or blocks, property is the other important this . In adequate doses methadone effect street (like heroin in the usual dose) to the block and makes the likelihood of taking it. in some extent, which causes the overdose of. decrease.
due to the fact that tolerance to the drug remains constant, patients of in some cases even up to 20 years of on the dose the same remain.
in the end, methadone in terms of pharmaceutical, medical, and pharmaceutical, with side effects, it is very scanty....
PNS
What is PNS ?
Peripheral Nervous System
Nervous system peripheral or system, peripheral nervous (PNS) or (peripheral nervous system) part of the nervous system that is outside of the brain and spinal cord are located. Nervous system peripheral includes 43 pairs of nerve is that the 12 pairs to the brain and 31 pairs to the spinal cord is connected to the two parts of the system nervous autonomous (autonomous), and system nervous somatic (voluntary) is divided.

nervous system peripheral wide network of nerve fibers of the spinal cord and in the brain is to the brain and spinal cord, connected are. This device includes a system nervous piekary (somatic), the system nervous autonomous and sensory receptors that processing changes the perimeter of the inner and alien help. This information through the nerve fibers, sensory Inner to the fields of central nervous outpourings can be.

system, the nervous Authority (the nerves and autonomous sympathetic and. parasympathetic and visceral) control inner organs, etc. blood vessels, muscles, heart, and muscles smooth, your need. Neurons of somatic (piekary) sense and motion, involuntary the skin, bones, articulations and muscles of the bone are responsible for.

nervous system Peripheral Route of communication between the central nervous system and the rest of the body is irritated nervous activity, the body adjusts....
DHF
What is DHF ?
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
Dengue fever (Dengue fever) is the name of a disease is viral. It dengue, fever, dengue fever and Bone Crusher have said.

the disease, through mosquitoes, to name -to-human transmitted. The mosquito that to the Tiger Asian celebrity has been in the tropical regions of the world, especially Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, there. The disease has recently spread a lot of economic and human losses a lot of legislation is laid out. The symptoms of this disease, headaches, low back pain, back pain, fever, usually severe and, in some cases, itching and pimples in different parts of the body.

dengue fever infection is by virus, dengue can be created. Mosquitoes are the agents moved (or the player) of the virus are. Dengue fever as "fever of the Bone Breaker" will also be known, because, due to severe pain resulting from ill thought to slow bone flared is breaking are. Some symptoms of dengue fever include fever, headaches, sensitivity of the skin similar to measles, and pain in muscles and joints. Possible dengue fever in a small number of patients to one of two species of dangerous and deadly turn. Any first Fever, hemorrhagic dengue, which causes bleeding, secretion of fluids out of the blood vessels (veins carry blood) and reducing blood platelet (agent, blood clots) can be. The second species syndrome shock dengue that causes the pressure drop becomes sharp. Virus dengue 4 of different kinds. If the individual to a kind of virus with it. the rest of his life to that type of virus immunity is. Although, against the three other species only to a limited immunity is. If later, to one of the other three types of this virus to be afflicted, you may create serious problems for him to be created.

vaccine to avoid catching the virus dengue is not there. Tip a little to prevent catching the virus, and dengue there. People should be against mosquitoes, protect yourself and read stung with a bite to it's limit. Also, to offer the scientists can be the habitat of mosquitoes that will result in the number of mosquitoes available to reduced. If anyone suffered from dengue fever and was in the event that the mild disease of. To Recovery, have plenty of fluids to drink. If anyone has any of the disease was diagnosed with need of IV fluids, (liquids that via a syringe, or serum to the vessel, the injection can be), and blood transfusion (infusion of blood from another person to a patient) would be. From the 1960s, more and more people to dengue fever patients are. This disease from World War II to the global problem has become, in over 110 countries outbreaks have 100-50 million per year to be afflicted with it are. A lot of people to find the vaccine and pharmaceuticals for the rapid treatment of the virus in trying. Also, to get relief from mosquitoes things differently are doing.

the first descriptions of dengue fever in the year 1779 have written. In the early of the twentieth century. scientists found that the disease, by virus, dengue created and through the mosquito-transmitted (or broadcast) can be....