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Acronym References

CRL
What is CRL ?
Crown-Rump Length
CRL means the length of the golden and the size of the length up the trunk of the fetus. In fact, the size of a baby's head to rump, it will determine the. Measuring this parameter from the sixth week to the eighth to day has been done and can be delivery date with it, determined....
FL
What is FL ?
Femur Length
FL means the length of the femur is. To measure the height of the fetus at ultrasound pregnancy from the size of the femur, the longest bone of the body is they use....
FHR
What is FHR ?
Fetal Heart Rate
FHR means to track the heart rate of the fetus. This parameter is usually in the beginning of pregnancy between 120 to 160 beats per minute is measured, and from the sixth week is measurable. With the passage of ten weeks of heart rate to 170 beats a minute arrives and then to 130 beats will decrease....
BPD
What is BPD ?
BiParietal Diameter
BPD means the diameter of is. The parameter size between the two sides trying to disturb the embryo specifies and from Week Thirteen of the pregnancy to the next to be measured. Much, it from 2. the 4 cm in Week Thirteen to 9. the 5 cm at the end of the pregnancy changed. Of course, the fetus different size heads have different and determine the time of delivery on the basis of this parameter, accurate, and very reliable, will not be....
AFI
What is AFI ?
Amniotic Fluid Index
AFI means the index of amniotic fluid is. This is an indicator of the health of the fetus can determine. The number obtained from these measurements can be natural being status of the fetus, the Islamic Republic does. This liquid should not be too natural around the fetus less. Low amniotic fluid can be a sign of congenital defects., the rupture of the membrane or the problems of another....
AC
What is AC ?
Abdominal Circumference
AC means the range of abdominal is. The only important measure in late pregnancy can be considered. This parameter, the more the size and weight of the fetus, shows up to the age of measure it periodically on a regular basis to monitor fetal development, are useful. From this parameter to determine the time of delivery not used....
PCI
What is PCI ?
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Treatments reduce blood flow of the arteries of the heart now, the two ways are done: \"the methods of intervention beyond skin disease\" (PCI), which by the practitioners of heart and accepted in the community as \"the balloon and springs\" is known, and the method of open surgery, blood supply is to the practice of the bypass (away nasty) is famous....
PCL
What is PCL ?
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
The ligaments cross in the dorsal or posterior cruciate or PCL is one of the ligaments, the strong, the knee joint. The ligaments of The internal femoral (thigh bone) to the area of the cushion between the tibial (tibia) may be connected. The ligaments cross in the dorsal (PCL) and cross the front-end (ACL) inside the capsular contracture has been the cause of the situation, anatomical, specific to the name of the cross, or Crusader as they are called.

if the joint capsule of the knee of the rear garden. the first part that can be seen., the ligaments, the crossover backpack is. This ligament relative to Rabat crossover, front-end, stronger been, but the fibers of the ligaments cross the front-end, the miles are more. The most important action of the ligaments, crossover, backpack, etc. avoid the dislocation of tibial (tibia) to the back....
MCL
What is MCL ?
Medial Collateral Ligament
Rabat the other hand, the internal (MCL), like the ligaments, one external ligament tightly in the knee joint that mouthful () the interior of the femur and tibia Connect is. This ligament has two parts, surface and depth is. Part forced, the weaker that according to the (Plateau) of coarse straw and internally connected. Part surface that is stronger, to the inner surface of the tibia (lower knee joint) connections. Rabat, however, the interior makes maintenance of the joint capsule of the knee can be....
ACL
What is ACL ?
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Cruciate ligament a front-end (ACL) is one of the ligaments important the knee joint. Among the factors important to the stability of any joint depends on being healthy, building the ligaments at that joint, and if joint mobility a lot in the natural state have, " the role of the ligaments or the ligaments of that Joint more important finds.Strength of the ligaments cross the front-end equivalent of the ligaments, other internal or MCL, and half the strength of the ligaments cross the dorsal (PCL) is.

ligaments, crossover front, usually the anterior cruciate ligament also can be read. The ligaments, including the ligament, such that when the activities of the extreme damage he sees.In professional athletes tear the ligaments cross the front-end is common to tear the ACL is famous for.If the force applied is too high. the probability of rupture of the ligaments, other internal and interior, along with rupture of the ligaments cross the front there.

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EVER
What is EVER ?
Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis
that it "dysplasia -Lutz" and in slang "the man Tree" also say, a disease, a very rare genetic and hereditary, skin type, "autosomal recessive," which is one of the consequences of it. the high probability of the occurrence of skin cancer in patients with thyroid.

a characteristic of these patients, it is highly prone to human papillomavirus skin that are the result of the growth of indiscriminate computer. and papules shell developer and scaly, many in the skin of the body and especially in the area of the hands and feet can be created.

the most common types of human papillomavirus in this disease. Type 5 and 8, it is in 80 percent of the population of normal healthy human being there, without being symptomatic cause. Of course, other types of human papillomavirus can also be the same disease to create.

the symptoms of the disease usually between the age of 20-1 the age of the show, but sometimes it may be that this disease, in the ages among the age of the beginning.

the disease its name from two German physician, decides that the first time, discovered it and reported: "Felix " and "Wilhelm Lutz"....
SARS
What is SARS ?
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Sort of acute respiratory disease, which is the SARS virus is created. Of the symptoms of the disease, fever, respiratory disorders, etc. quakes, etc. muscle aches, headaches and reduce...
OCT
What is OCT ?
Optical Coherence Tomography
Cross-section of journalism, coherence optics, or OCT, a form, a cross section of journalism, in medicine.

from the eighteenth century AD. the microscope device, imaging such as: x-ray and MRI, etc. essential tools in the medical sector, and biology. But the device cross-section of journalism, problems such as price. being aggressive and low resolution capable. so, in order to eliminate these problems, a lot of researchers device OCT (from the most recent advances in the field of medical imaging) introduced. Imaging technique OCT for the first time by Huang and colleagues in 1991, was introduced. This technology can imaging, cross-sectional, buildings microscopic tissue bio do. Also has resolution on the scale of micrometers. In this method, similar imaging, ultrasound, etc. a number of A-Scan cross-sectional or scanning, linear time, B-Scan or cross-sectional images through the Create. Energy light for imaging with the device OCT instead of the audio signal used is taken and the formation of the image, depending on the features of the optical structure of the tissue. Due to the high speed of light, direct measurement of the delay of the signal Echo may not be. To the same cause. systems OCT is based on interference spectroscopy coherence weak (Low-coherence interferometry). that it would or by diodes, super-luminous (Superluminescent diode), or with lasers -h (when the Pulse are very short have) done.

systems OCT including in ophthalmology (in the form of non-invasive) and diagnosis of heart disease (as aggressive) are used....
S&M
What is S&M ?
Sadomasochism
Sadomasochism is the giving or receiving of pleasure from acts involving the receipt or infliction of pain or humiliation. Practitioners of sadomasochism may seek sexual gratification from their acts. While the terms sadist and masochist refer respectively to one who enjoys giving and receiving pain, practitioners of sadomasochism may switch between activity and passivity.

The abbreviation S&M is often used for sadomasochism, although practitioners themselves normally remove the ampersand and use the acronym S-M or SM or S/M when written throughout the literature. Sadomasochism is not considered a clinical paraphilia unless such practices lead to clinically significant distress or impairment for a diagnosis. Similarly, sexual sadism within the context of mutual consent, generally known under the heading BDSM, is distinguished from non-consensual acts of sexual violence or aggression.

The term sadomasochism is used in a variety of different ways. It can refer to cruel individuals or those who brought misfortunes onto themselves and psychiatrists define it as pathological. However, recent research suggests that sadomasochism is mostly simply a sexual interest, and not a pathological symptom of past abuse, or a sexual problem, and that people with sadomasochistic sexual interest are in general neither damaged nor dangerous....
ALL
What is ALL ?
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Acute leukemia or briefly ALL one of the types of blood cancer. This type of leukemia cells, lymph, or lymphocytes, can affect the tissue, the lymph nodes make and process acute.

cancer of blood or leukemia, or progressive disease and malignant members of the blood of the body. This condition, in effect, reproduce and evolve, incomplete white blood and precursors of it in the blood and bone marrow can be created. Leukemia is one of the cancers common among children.

in leukemia, bone marrow for non-normal, a very large amount of blood cell production. These cells, with the cells of normal blood and normal are different, and does not function properly. In the result, the production of white blood cells, stopped, and the person's ability to cope with the disease from the system. Cells leukemia also affects the production of other types of blood cells by bone marrow, can be built, including red blood cells, which transports oxygen to the tissues of the body can effect. and platelets in the blood from blood clotting to prevent. the effect of a negative way, therefore, in a variety of leukemia, immune deficiency, anemia and coagulation disorder.

in acute leukemia., the cells of the bone marrow mature adequate . Cells immature often blast that are called to the reproduction and accumulation to continue . In leukemia the origin of cancer cells category, lymphocytes, particularly B lymphocytes .

leukemia-acute lymphocytic (ALL ) among children is more common . The age of children with disease are usually less than 10 years . Whites two times breed American – African to ALL affected .

risk factors, etc. are the factors that likely person to cancer increases these factors, lifestyle, environment and genetics ( heredity) is associated .

risk factors related to life in a variety of cancer include smoking or intense light of the sun . The only factor related to lifestyle that the component risk factors has been proven leukemia is . Environmental factors, etc. are the factors such as , etc. chemicals and infections that are in the environment around us . In the work environment exposed to benzene ( a type of chemical ) being the high amount of long term risk factors for AML to account comes . amount to much ( survivors of the atomic bomb or the events of nuclear reactors ) than others exposed to AML or ALL ....
EDTA
What is EDTA ?
Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid
Ethylenediamine Tetra-acetic acid (EDTA), a chemical is for industrial purposes and medicinal used.

the solid A-amino carboxylic acid is colorless and soluble in water. Open, this acid, ethylenediamine Tetra-acetate. From this article widely to the dissolution of lime used. The usefulness of the substance arising from the role of a ligand, six-toothed and operating chelated A, which is in fact the cause of its ability in separation of metal ions like Ca2 and Fe2. The metal ion after establishing a bond with the EDTA and the formation of complex in solution remain, but from reactive, it is diminished. EDTA for different salts, especially Disodium EDTA and calcium Di sodium EDTA can be produced....